Climate disasters displace more people than conflicts now: World Migration Report 2022

Richard Mahapatra

Down to Earth | November 28, 2021

A truck filled with migrants breaks down in the Sahara in Chad. Photo: istock
A truck filled with migrants breaks down in the Sahara in Chad. Photo: istock

More people are being displaced by disasters — caused by the changing climate — than conflicts, reversing a historical trend. According to the World Migration Report 2022, published every second year by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) of the UN, in 2020, “30.7 million new displacements were triggered by disasters in 145 countries and territories.”

Total internal displacement due to disaster, conflict and violence has increased in comparison to 2019, despite containment due to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in 2020: To 40.5 million in 2020, from 31.5 million in 2019.

The report quoted the regular data collation by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

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