Nepal Left Parties Merger: How the Political Behemoth Came to Life

by Biswas Baral

The Wire | May 18, 2018

Nepal Left Parties Merger: How the Political Behemoth Came to Life

Nepal’s Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli at the forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on April 7, 2018. Credit: Reuters/Altaf Hussain

Kathmandu: The May 17 merger between the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxists Leninists (CPN-UML) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center), the first and the third largest parties in the Nepali legislature, had been on the cards for the past six months.

On the eve of the provincial and federal elections last year, the two parties had announced an electoral alliance and an eventual merger. But even though the Left alliance together secured a nearly two-thirds majority in the elections on the common planks of ‘stability’ and ‘prosperity’, the merger kept being pushed back for a number of reasons.Read More »

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Nepal: Interview with Shyam Shrestha

This leftist electoral alliance will move towards unification

A Journal of People report


Shyam Shrestha, a highly respected left-leaning thinker in Nepal, said in an interview carried by Kathmandu Post: “Now the formation of a leftist alliance has also put forward an image of stability. Nepalis [the people in Nepal] desire a stable government.”

The interview focuses on politics in post-election Nepal. In the election the alliance of two major communist parties – Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) and Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Centre (CPN-MC) – achieved a landslide victory.

Shyam Shrestha was editor of Mulyankan Monthly, a magazine that provides a widely followed forum for leftist and democratic debate.Read More »

Left alliance is heading to victory in Nepal election

A Journal of People report

An alliance of two major communist parties in Nepal is heading towards a major victory in the just concluded elections. It is now almost certain the leftist alliance would win, and will be forming the next government in the Himalayan country.

The ruling Nepali Congress, which was the largest party in the last election, won only 10 seats while the Left alliance was on Sunday won 72 of the 89 seats so far. According to results released by the Election Commission, the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN- UML) has won 51 seats while its alliance partner CPN Maoist Centre has bagged 21 seats. Two Madhesi parties have won five seats. The Federal Socialist Forum Nepal led by Upendra Yadav has won 2 seats whereas Rastriya Janata Party led by Mahanta Thakur has bagged 3 seats. Naya Shakti Party led by former prime minister Baburam Bhattarai has won one seat and an independent was among winning candidates.Read More »

Nepal’s communist parties to merge ahead of elections

People’s World | October 26, 2017

Nepal’s communist parties to merge ahead of elections

A rally of supporters of the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist. | CPN-UML

Nepal’s two main communist parties have agreed to merge ahead of elections later this year. The Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) and the CPN-Maoist Centre signed a pact in Kathmandu on October 3, along with the much smaller New Force Party. They agreed to jointly contest two-stage elections to the new House of Representatives on November 26 and December 7, and announce their unification after that.Read More »

Eleven Years in the Making, Left Alliance Could Herald New Era of Political Stability in Nepal

by 

The Wire | October 05, 2017

Kathmandu: The communist movement in Nepal began with the formation of the Communist Party of Nepal in Kolkata, India, in 1949. The party, just like the Nepali Congress – the country’s oldest running democratic party – was forced to operate from India as political parties had been banned by the Rana rulers in Nepal. Since then, the communist movement in Nepal has undergone countless consolidations and splits. In more contemporary times, the first people’s revolution in 1990 gave birth to the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), or UML, which came into being with the merger of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist). The UML party has since morphed into a political juggernaut. It is the second largest party in parliament at present and emerged the largest party under its charismatic, if at times controversial, leader K.P. Sharma Oli in the recent local elections.Read More »