The Return of Engels

by

Monthly ReviewVolume 68, Issue 10 (March 2017)

[This article is a revised version of an earlier essay by the same title, published online in Jacobin on November 28, 2016, to mark the 196th anniversary of Engels’s birth.]

Engels & Marx

Few political and intellectual partnerships can rival that of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. They not only famously wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848, both taking part in the social revolutions of that year, but also two earlier works—The Holy Family in 1845 and The German Ideology in 1846.

In the late 1870s, when the two scientific socialists were finally able to live in close proximity and to confer with each other every day, they would often pace up and down in Marx’s study, each on their own side of the room, boring grooves in the floor as they turned on their heels, while discussing their various ideas, plans, and projects. They frequently read to each other passages from their works in progress.1 Engels read the entire manuscript of his Anti-Dühring (to which Marx contributed a chapter) to Marx before its publication. Marx wrote an introduction to Engels’s Socialism: Utopian and Scientific. After Marx death in 1883, Engels prepared volumes two and three of Capital for publication from the drafts his friend had left behind. If Engels, as he was the first to admit, stood in Marx’s shadow, he was nevertheless an intellectual and political giant in his own right.Read More »

Revolution Revisited

By Barun Das Gupta

Frontier | Autumn Number, Vol. 48, No. 14 – 17, Oct 11 – Nov 7, 2015

 

Two years from now, in 2017, communists all over the world will observe the centenary of the October Socialist Revolution (OSR) in Russia. In the last one hundred years two important developments have taken place. During the closing decades of the nineteenth century and the first two and a half decades of the twentieth century, socialism as a political ideology and as a movement was growing from strength to strength. It culminated in the overthrow of Tsardom in Russia and conquest of power by the Bolsheviks or communists under Lenin. For the first time in the history of civilization, the poor, the deprived and the dispossessed captured state power and set out to create a new, classless and exploitation-free society. But the closing decade of the twentieth century saw the collapse of the Soviet Union and the People’s Democracies of Eastern Europe and restoration of capitalism in what was usually called the ‘socialist world’.Read More »

The Idea of India

by Saroj Giri

Courtesy: MRZine | 29 June, 2015

When the ‘fascist’ Narendra Modi was coming close to becoming India’s Prime Minister, intellectuals told us that he would be a threat to the very idea of an inclusive and democratic India.  Amartya Sen declared that he cannot be part of an India which has Modi as its PM.  Modi is now PM, but nowhere does it seem that he has to abandon the idea of India in order to pursue his agenda.  Instead many proponents of the idea of India have become Modi-supporters.  Sen himself now says that Modi is no reason to leave the country!Read More »

‘World Political Economy’ Meets South Africa’s Many Marxisms

by Patrick Bond

Courtesy: telesur | 25 June, 2015

The time has not been more ripe for a Marxist regroupment here and globally for at least a quarter century.

With around 100 books of progressive political economy and political ecology penned about South Africa since 2000, the Marxist intellectual project here is utterly chaotic, but by no means in tatters.Read More »

Our Right to Be Marxist-Leninists

by Fidel Castro Ruz

Source: MRZine || mrzine.monthlyreview.org

The 70th anniversary of the Great Patriotic War will be commemorated the day after tomorrow, May 9.  Given the time difference, while I write these lines, the soldiers and officials of the Army of the Russian Federation, full of pride, will be parading through Moscow’s Red Square with their characteristic quick, military steps.

Lenin was a brilliant revolutionary strategist who did not hesitate to assume the ideas of Marx and implement them in an immense and only partly industrialized country, whose proletarian party became the most radical and audacious on the planet in the wake of the greatest slaughter that capitalism had caused in the world, where for the first time tanks, automatic weapons, aviation, and poison gases made an appearance in wars, and even a legendary cannon capable of launching a heavy projectile more than 100 kilometers made its presence felt in the bloody conflict.Read More »