by Hilary Rose and Steven Rose
Verso | October 07, 2017
From Felix Topolski’s Conference Sketchbook: International Congress of Intellectuals for Peace (Wroctaw, Poland, 1948). Left to right: J.D. Bernal, Hyman Levy, Ivor Montagu, Hewlett Johnson (behind him, Julian Huxley), J.B.S. Haldane.
First published by Verso in 1999, J.D. Bernal: A Life in Science and Politics, edited by Francis Aprahamian and Brenda Swann, brings together 13 essays that survey the life and work of the pioneering Marxist molecular biologist and crystallographer. In the article below, Hilary Rose and Steven Rose trace the arc of Bernal’s career.Read More »
Scroll.in | September 21, 2017
The ugliness of colonial power in India emerged at its end with the Bengal Famine and the Partition | Wikimedia Commons
Ek tarz-e-taghaful hai so vo unko mubarak;
Ek ‘arz-e-tamanna hai so ham karte-rahenge.
[There is a style of indifference to which they are welcome;
But our wishes, we will continue to list.]
— Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Dast-e-Saba, 1952
In 1950, Aimé Césaire, one of the clearest voices of the 20th century, looked back at the long history of colonialism that was coming to an end. He wanted to judge colonialism from the ashes of Nazism, an ideology that surprised the innocent in Europe but which had been fostered slowly in Europe’s colonial experience. After all, the instruments of Nazism – racial superiority as well as brutal, genocidal violence – had been cultivated in the colonial worlds of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Césaire, the effervescent poet and communist, had no problem with the encounter between cultures. The entanglements of Europe’s culture with that of Africa and Asia had forged the best of human history across the Mediterranean Sea. But colonialism was not cultural contact. It was brutality.Read More »
People’s World | September 21, 2017
The ethnic cleansing of the Cherokee nation by the U.S. Army, 1838. This painting, The Trail of Tears, was painted by Robert Lindneux in 1942. | Public Domain
The “Trail of Tears Walk” held in Mt. Juliet and Woodbury, Tennessee on September 16 and 17 memorialized the tragic and brutal removal of the five Indigenous nations—Cherokee, Muscogee Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole—from their homelands in the 1830s to present-day Oklahoma. The Northern Route of the Trail of Tears passed through these two Middle Tennessee towns located just south of Nashville. Thousands of Cherokees and hundreds of Creeks and African Americans traveled together on their way to unknown homes in the west.Read More »
teleSUR | September 11, 2017
Sept. 11 marks a dark day in the history of Chile. In 1973 the leftist government of Salvador Allende was brutally overthrown in a U.S.-backed coup that left the president dead, followed by the rounding up, torture, killing, disappearance, and exile of thousands of Chileans over the next decades.
The military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet was to scar the nation, but resistance within the country and internationally never let up.
teleSUR takes a look at the coup, along with the popular president’s trajectory.
The last photo of President Salvador Allende alive at the La Moneda presidential palace, Sept. 11, 1973.Photo:Archive
by Frank von Hippel and Fumihiko Yoshida
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists | August 04, 2017
Arthur H. Compton was one of the many past and future Nobel laureates who worked in the secret US nuclear weapons project during World War II. He directed the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) at the University of Chicago, where refugee Italian Nobelist Enrico Fermi supervised the construction of the first reactor, future Nobelist Eugene Wigner, from Hungary, led the design of the plutonium-production reactors subsequently built at Hanford, Wash., and future Nobelist Glenn Seaborg developed the first chemical process for extracting plutonium from irradiated uranium.
With these tasks completed, some of the scientists at the Met Lab began to consider the implications of nuclear weapons for the future. One of the products of their concern was a memorandum on “Political and Social Problems” written in early June 1945 by a committee of project scientists chaired by the refugee German Nobelist, James Franck. Read More »
FAIR | August 05, 2017
The USS Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin. (photo: US Navy)
“American Planes Hit North Vietnam After Second Attack on Our Destroyers; Move Taken to Halt New Aggression,” was the Washington Post headline some 53 years ago, on August 5, 1964.
The front page of that day’s New York Times reported: “President Johnson has ordered retaliatory action against gunboats and ‘certain supporting facilities in North Vietnam’ after renewed attacks against American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.”
Granma | July 26, 2017
Speech by Gladys Martínez Verdecia, member of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee and first secretary of the Party Provincial Committee in Pinar del Río, during the main act commemorating the 64th anniversary of the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Garrisons. Pinar del Río, July 26, 2017, Year 59 of the Revolution
(Council of State transcript / GI translation)
Compañero Army General, Raúl Castro Ruz, first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee and President of the Councils of State and Ministers;Read More »