A wave of support floods the Soviet Central Executive Committee from the Urals, the Donbas, the Central Industrial region, the Ukraine, Belorussia, Central Asia, etc. 126 local Soviets demand the Petrograd Soviet take power. The Petrograd Soviet adopts a resolution to support the Bolshevik party. The Mensheviks and SRs try to filibuster, but the resulting vote is still devastating: 279 to 115. This brings Bolshevik support to four major cities: Petrograd, Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Kronstadt, and Krasnoyarsk. The number of land seizures by the peasants increases to 958 incidents. Kerensky openly declares Russia a “Republic”, and arrests General Kornilov.Read More »
Since March, 568 enterprises, laying off more than 104,000 workers, have closed down. Prices on average have risen by 248% compared to 1913 prices, though urban centers are hit the hardest; in Moscow prices inflated by 836%. Real wages fell by 57.4% since 1913. Bread rations are severe. In Moscow, the ration allows 2 pounds of bread per person, for an entire week. In this month, there are 440 cases where peasants and soldiers seize the land of big estate holders. The Provisional Government can barely keep up with the amount of work required to suppress the countless uprisings.Read More »
The women who took part in the Great October Revolution – who were they? Isolated individuals? No, there were hosts of them; tens, hundreds of thousands of nameless heroines who, marching side by side with the workers and peasants behind the Red Flag and the slogan of the Soviets, passed over the ruins of tsarist theocracy into a new future…Read More »
The 2nd Machine Gun Regiment demands: All power to the Soviets!
The 3rd Infantry Regiment refuses to send 14 replacement companies to the front.
The 1st Machine Gun Regiment marches from Oranienbaum to Petrograd.
The Soviet Executive Committee, now sharing power within the Provisional Government, tells them to go home, but the soldiers refuse.
The Bolsheviks organize for the machine-gunners to have food and quarters. According to the historian/observer Sukhanov, in these days Petrograd “felt itself to be upon the verge of some sort of explosion.”Read More »
Children of the poor celebrate the first anniversary of the October revolution, 9 November 1918. State Museum of the Political History of Russia, St. Petersburg. (The Bolsheviks in Power, p. 385)
The October Revolution was the first revolution in human history that was theoretically conceived, and executed according to a plan. While the February Revolution, like the earlier bourgeois revolutions in England and France, had occurred spontaneously, this was not true of October. At the same time, it certainly was not what its detractors often suggest, namely a mere Blanquist uprising. It was not an uprising of the “revolution is a wonderful thing, so let us have a shot at it” variety. On the contrary it was based on a precise theoretical assessment of the conjuncture, and on a development of this theory to a level where, to borrow Georg Lukács’s words, “theory burst into praxis.”1 It is this theoretical comprehension of the conjuncture underlying the revolution that explains its sweep, the enormous energy it generated, the profound changes it wrought in the world, and the extent to which it threatened the very existence of capitalism. That this threat proved ultimately to be evanescent is because the conjuncture itself got altered in a way which the earlier theoretical understanding of it had not anticipated.Read More »
Smolny was brightly lit from top to bottom. Crowds of excited people were hurrying back and forth along its many corridors. There was great animation everywhere, but the most impetuous human stream, a real flood of impassioned people, was the one that made its way towards the end of the corridor on the top floor, where, in the most remote back room of all, the Military Revolutionary Committee was in session. The girls in the outer room, worn out though they were, struggled heroically to deal with the unbelievable crush of people who came for explanations and instructions or with all sorts of requests and complaints. Once you got caught up in this human maelstrom you found yourself surrounded by faces flushed with excitement and hands outstretched to receive some order or some mandate.Read More »
The First All-Russian Congress of Soviets begins in Petrograd. The Congress almost unanimously agrees to end World War I, though only through tremendous consternation agrees to support the Provisional Government, despite Bolshevik protests. Tensions flare between the parties, with the Mensheviks insisting that the Bolsheviks must be disarmed, despite not having weapons, which would in practice mean disarming the Soldiers’ Soviets. The Bolsheviks insist that all power must go to the Soviets.Read More »
The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 ushered in the world’s first socialist state. Encompassing one-sixth of the world, the Soviet Union sought in its early days to bring about a global revolution against capitalism and imperialism, and openly declared its opposition to colonialism, racism and exploitation.
In order to advance toward the goal of world revolution, agitational propaganda, or agitprop was deployed as a means of conveying Marxist theory to the workers and oppressed of the world. Entire departments and agencies produced posters, cinema, poetry, music and literature for this purpose, and life in the socialist state was permeated with the striking motifs of agitprop artwork.
teleSUR takes a look at the iconic political posters of visionary Soviet artist and propagandist, Viktor B. Koretsky.
SOLDIERS ARE JOINING THE REVOLUTION. Source: Emerson Kent.Com
The Petrograd Soviet votes in favor of forming a new, Coalition Government, despite Bolshevik condemnation and in contradiction to the March 1 decision of the Soviet. Weeks earlier, Lenin warned about the dangers of this new Dual Power.
Foreign minister Pavel N Miliukov (also spelled Milyukov) sends a declaration to the Allies regarding the Russian Government’s war aims. The government’s position is that of being ready to quit the war without any ambitions regarding territorial annexations.
However, knowing that the French and the British wouldn’t be happy with that position, Miliukov attaches a note of his own. Miliukov elaborates that Russia is still willing to “continue the war until complete victory” and that Russia is very much interested in expanding her territory. This note is leaked to the press and will cause the Provisional Government’s first crisis.Read More »
Lenin, Zinoviev and other Bolsheviks arrive in Petrograd from exile in Switzerland.
At Byelo-Ostrov railway station they are met by a delegation of Petrograd workers and a large contingent of jubilant workers, soldiers, and party members.
Late in the evening, Lenin arrives in Petrograd. He is given a grand welcome at the Finlandsky Railway Station by the Petrograd workers, soldiers and soldiers. On the square facing the station, Lenin makes a speech from an armored car in which he greets the Russian revolutionary proletariat and the army, and calls upon them to fight for the socialist revolution. Read More »