How to detect fake news around the events of July 11 in Cuba?

Common sense in the face of the implausible and distrust in the face of unprecedented events should prevail whenever you read any information, especially on the internet

Yenia Silva Correa & Maby Martínez Rodríguez 

Granma | July 17, 2021

Fake news against Cuba and how to detect them Photo: Taken from Twitter

Cuba is under fire from a cyber attack, one of the techniques used as part of the unconventional war that has been waged against our nation.  

Computer aggression includes the attack on institutional digital platforms and the country’s press media; and the media bombardment is based on the manipulation of all possible audiences based on speculation about fictitious realities and the sowing of terror or discontent in the population.

News montages are becoming more common every day. People and the media at the service of the economic and political interests that move behind what has happened in Cuba since Sunday, July 11, build parallel narratives using various tools, including false news or fake news.

There is a lot of falsehood that has circulated on social networks, counterrevolutionary media and in the international press. Some take the health crisis generated by COVID-19 as their starting point, while others fable about political imbalances, murders, among other atrocities.

First, the protests were called, then the false account of the events was constructed to generate emotional reactions, of solidarity with the protesters, and then, the vandalism actions that occurred hours before our improvised appearance on television, on the return of San Antonio de los Baños, the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Party and President of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, denounced to the people this Saturday.

The path of infamy is clear. «The story is intended to be told in reverse. No matter what you have said, the calls for unity, peace and solidarity among all do not count. The malicious interpretation is that a civil war was called, “said the Head of State, who added that although we dismantle the so-called fake news, the enemies of the Revolution have already caused immeasurable damage to the national soul.


Dominio Cuba, a Cuban team specialized in digital communication, explains in its Twitter account some keys to detect false news.

  • Reading the complete information and not getting carried away by a too flashy title is essential to avoid being fooled.
  • Check the sources
  • Stop to look at who signs the news and, when in doubt, investigate this person, find out what other news they have published under their name or pseudonym.
  • Sometimes news of this type is found on unofficial pages.
  • It is recommended to look for more sources that have this same information, this step will help to verify how true it is.
  • Checking the images that are used should be another premise, as well as using Google tools to determine if they are manipulated.
  • Checking the Domain or URL, as well as the comments of the post will also help during verification.

However, they add, common sense in the face of the implausible and mistrust in the face of unprecedented events must accompany us whenever any information is read, especially on the internet.


In recent days, social networks have been unmasking how everything that happened in Cuba was organized last Sunday, July 11. Different sites reflect in their official accounts the use of images taken out of context with the intention of selling the idea of ​​a country in the midst of a crisis of ungovernability.

Lie detector activated: false news against Cuba these days (+ Video)

From his Twitter account Dominio Cuba he states the following: «Biden tells the great lie that #Cuba is a failed state to appease the Miami Cubans who believe the great lie that he is not a legitimate president. Go figure”.

The President of Cuba himself denied this, by posting on Twitter: «A failed state is one that, in order to please a reactionary and blackmailing minority, is capable of multiplying the damage to 11 million human beings, ignoring the will of the majority of Cubans. , Americans and the international community.

For its part, the team of communicators of the La Red Verdad project has been involved in denouncing minute by minute false news and photos that circulate in the digital environment to confuse international public opinion about what is happening in Cuba.

Among the lies that have been unmasked, and then compiled by this team in the last two days, are:

– Reuters Latin America speculates and confuses by giving voice to a political operator biased against Cuba.

– On Facebook they used the return of Cuban doctors on a Mexican air force plane to try to create the idea that troops were coming.

– On twitter, they have published images of the evictions from the polling stations in Catalonia as if they had occurred in Cuba recently.

– On Facebook, various users on social networks are becoming veritable fake news machines against Cuba. A photo has been circulated that is not of protests in Cuba, but of riots in London before the final of Euro 2020.

– On twitter, they use a photo that is not from the July 11 protests in Cuba, but from Madrid demonstrations in 2012 supporting coal mining.

Fake news against Cuba

Fake news against Cuba Photo: Taken from Twitter

There has been so much disinformation avalanche against Cuba that media such as RTVE, Spanish television, and the EFE news agency itself, have activated their false news verification systems, including the following:

– A photo of a march with thousands of people without masks circulates on Twitter and Facebook, but it is not government supporters in July 2021, but a workers’ march on May 1, 2017. 

– A video that has gone viral and that they have wanted to use to show it as if it were a murder in Cuba, is actually a dramatization filmed during a religious ceremony in Puerto Rico. The material has been circulating since at least 2015. 

A well-known communicator, the Mexican Rafael Barajas Durán, better known as El Fisgón , who is also a leftist cartoonist, painter, writer, and political activist, published: “ The hate campaigns of the right are based on fake news. They use lies (fake photos, rumor campaigns) to reinforce their prejudices (and defend their interests). The truth interferes with his view of the world.

As part of the old tactic of turning the victim into a criminal, Dominio Cuba denounces that “ It is a lie that the #Cuba government spreads false news. Why this conspiracy theory? Investigators have provided evidence of bot and trolling operations using Twitter, and the platform has been completely silent. Why is it?

Fake news against Cuba Photo: Taken from Twitter

Also from InfodemiaMx, where the Spanish researcher Julián Macías Tovar was interviewed as a result of his research in which he demonstrates how the #SOSCuba media campaign was orchestrated against Cuba, false videos and photographs were shown that were displayed on social networks stating that it was about the demonstrations on the Island.

This Friday, the scholar added to the list of false news against the Revolution a publication of the Twitter account of the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michel Bachelet. In this regard, Macías Tovar publishes:

«New story of 3 chapters:

– The UN uses the image of a Cuban revolutionary activist as a demonstrator against the government.

– The person in the image (@BettyPairol) denounces the manipulation with his image.

– Twitter banns Betty Pairol’s account for unusual activity.

Don’t be confused. The truth – as the TVC political film program would say – needs us.



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