THE CHINESE REVOLUTION AND THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY

Mao Tse-tung

Marxists Internet Archive

December 1939

[The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party is a textbook which was written jointly by Comrade Mao Tse-tung and several other comrades in Yenan to the winter of 1939. The first chapter, “Chinese Society”, was drafted by other comrades and revised by Comrade Mao Tse-tung. The second chapter, “The Chinese Revolution”, was written by Comrade Mao Tse-tung himself. Another chapter, scheduled to deal with “Party Building”, was left unfinished by the comrades working on it. The two published chapters, and especially Chapter II, have played a great educational role in the Chinese Communist Party and among the Chinese people. The views on New Democracy set out by Comrade Mao Tse-tung in Chapter II were considerably developed in his “On New Democracy”, written in January 1940.]

CHAPTER I

CHINESE SOCIETY

1. THE CHINESE NATION

China is one of the largest countries in the world, her territory being about the size of the whole of Europe. In this vast country of ours there are large areas of fertile land which provide us with food and clothing; mountain ranges across its length and breadth with extensive forests and rich mineral deposits; many rivers and lakes which provide us with water transport and irrigation; and a long coastline which facilitates communication with nations beyond the seas. From ancient times our forefathers have laboured, lived and multiplied on this vast territory.

China borders on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in the northeast, the northwest and part of the west; the Mongolian People’s Republic in the north; Afghanistan, India, Bhutan and Nepal in the southwest and part of the west; Burma and Indo-China in the south; and Korea in the east, where she is also a close neighbor of Japan and the Philippines. China’s geographical setting has its advantages and disadvantages for the Chinese people’s revolution. It is an advantage to be adjacent to the Soviet Union and fairly distant from the major imperialist countries in Europe and America, and to have many colonial or semi-colonial countries around us. It is a disadvantage that Japanese imperialism, making use of its geographical proximity, is constantly threatening the very existence of all China’s nationalities and the Chinese people’s revolution.

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The Historic Journey Of The Communist Party Of China: Forging Ahead to Build a Modern Prosperous Society

R Arun Kumar

People’s Democracy | June 27, 2021

THE third session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the CPC held in December 1978 was historic. This meeting took many important decisions to correct Left deviations and it embarked upon the task of putting the Party back on the correct path, both politically and organisationally.

The CPC decided that socialist construction in China would be according to ‘Chinese characteristics’, built on the initial advances made after the formation of the PRC. It pledged adherence to four cardinal principals: adherence to socialist road, people’s democratic dictatorship, leadership of the Communist Party, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. The CPC assessed that China is still in the primary stage of socialist construction. It stated that there will be various stages in each phase and concluded that the primary stage of socialist construction might take many decades. To achieve this, they have to reform their economy by opening it to foreign investment. “On the basis of self-reliance, we should develop equal and mutually beneficial economic cooperation with other countries of the world, introduce advanced technologies and equipment from abroad and make great efforts to improve work in science and education which was needed for modernisation”.

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Communist Party of China turns 100

Harsh Thakor

Countercurrents | June 30, 2021

On July 1st the Communist Party of China turns 100. Without doubt it’s formation was one of the greatest turning points in the history of mankind. It shaped the political course of China being a precedent to many a historic event, be it the Long March of 1935,the anti-Japanese War from 1937-45 , the civil war of 1946-1949, the New Democratic revolution of 1949, the Socialist Revolution from 1949-56 the Great Leap Forward, the Socialist Education Movement of 1962, and finally the Great Proletarian Cultural revolution of 1966-76 .All these events enriched the ideology of Marxism Leninism to a pinnacle with symmetry and continuity and unprecedented penetration of practice of massline and  It is a great travesty that at the very time of celebration the CPC has completely betrayed the path it undertook from the 1930’s itself to morally make it an anti-thesis of Marxism-Leninism. With the very induction of the four modernisations by Deng Xiaoping the very backbone of Socialism was destroyed in China and seeds planted for capitalism to bloom.

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China’s vaccine project offers new prospects of global collaboration

Peoples Health Dispatch | July 01, 2021

In May and June 2021, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) listed two Chinese COVID-19 vaccines – Sinopharm’s  ‘BBIBP-CorV-2’ and Sinovac’s ‘CoronaVac’ – for emergency use and issued interim policy recommendations.

The two vaccines, which were among the first to be developed globally, met the requirement of 50% efficacy needed for WHO approval. Though further data is expected, the existing preliminary data shows that Sinovac’s vaccine has an efficacy of 51% against symptomatic COVID-19 infection and 100% against severe infection, while Sinopharm’s has an efficacy of 79% against symptomatic cases and hospitalization.

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Venezuela Receives First Batch of Cuban Vaccine Abdala

orinocotribune | June 24, 2021

Abdala vials to fight CODIV-19. The vaccine have shown an efficacy of 92.28%. File photo.

On a date laden with historic symbolism for Venezuelans, marking the bicentennial of the Battle of Carabobo, the first batch of the Cuban vaccine Abdala arrived in the Bolivarian Republic, a confirmation that cooperation between sister nations—in times of great difficulty and imperialist sieges—exists more than ever in the Latin American region. Venezuelan Vice President Delcy Rodríguez made the announcement on a televised broadcast.

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Biden’s Lawless Bombing of Iraq and Syria Only Serves the Weapons Industry Funding Both Parties

Glenn Greenwald

US President Joe Biden (L) salutes along with Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin before delivering an address at the 153rd National Memorial Day Observance at Arlington National Cemetery on Memorial Day in Arlington, Virginia on May 31, 2021. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)

For the second time in the five months since he was inaugurated, President Joe Biden on Sunday ordered a U.S. bombing raid on Syria, and for the first time, he also bombed Iraq. The rationale offered was the same as Biden’s first air attack in February: the U.S., in the words of Pentagon spokesman John Kirby, “conducted defensive precision airstrikes against facilities used by Iran-backed militia groups in the Iraq-Syria border region.” He added that “the United States acted pursuant to its right of self-defense.”

Embedded in this formulaic Pentagon statement is so much propaganda and so many euphemisms that, by itself, it reveals the fraudulent nature of what was done. To begin with, how can U.S. airstrikes carried out in Iraq and Syria be “defensive” in nature? How can they be an act of “self-defense”? Nobody suggests that the targets of the bombing campaign have the intent or the capability to strike the U.S. “homeland” itself. Neither Syria nor Iraq is a U.S. colony or American property, nor does the U.S. have any legal right to be fighting wars in either country, rendering the claim that its airstrikes were “defensive” and an “act of self-defense” to be inherently deceitful.

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A Sea Painted NATO Black

Pepe Escobar

Asia Times | June 29, 2021

NATO vessels in Operation SeaBreeze 2021. Useless and dangerous acts designed to “poke the bear”.  These criminal fools might get their wish and get swatted by Russia’s military power.

Welcome to the latest NATO show: Sea Breeze starts today and goes all the way to July 23. The co-hosts are the US Sixth Fleet and the Ukrainian Navy. The main protagonist is Standing NATO Maritime Group 2.

The show, in NATOspeak, is just an innocent display of “strenghtening deterrence and defense”. NATO spin tells us the exercise is “growing in popularity” and now features more than 30 nations “from six continents” deploying 5,000 troops, 32 ships, 40 aircraft and “18 special operations and dive teams”. All committed to implement and improve that magical NATO concept: “interoperability”.

Now let’s clear the fog and get to the heart of the matter. NATO is projecting the impression that it’s taking over selected stretches of the Black Sea in the name of “peace”. NATO’s supreme articles of faith, reiterated in its latest summit, are “Russia’s illegal annexation (sic) of Crimea” and “support for Ukraine sovereignty”. So for NATO, Russia is an enemy of “peace”. Everything else is hybrid war fog.

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Gagging the world to make the US official narrative prevail.

Jimmy Dore Show

The US is the terrorist, says Jimmy Dore. The biggest terrorist in the world.

Gen. Wesley Clark (R), confirms that there was nothing accidental about the US aggression of various nations in the Middle East; it was all planned, part of a strategy to carry out regime change in 7 nations, from Libya to Syria and Afghanistan, and ending with Iran.

Jimmy Dore sounds the alarm about an illegal act (yet another!) by the US government, this time to silence Iran and other governments regarded as purveyors of “inconvenient truths” by Washington. It’s obvious the United States in its imperialist oligarchic form clearly does not adhere to international standards of civilised behaviour. No wonder most decent, educated people around the globe, and a significant number of Americans, see our government as an outlaw regime with no real semblance to an actual democracy.

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The G7 reality check

Natalie Rhodes

People’s Dispatch | July 01, 2021

The G-7 meeting in Cornwall.

There were cautious hopes for the G7 meetings held in early June this year, where the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States – the world’s seven economically wealthiest countries – came together to discuss key global issues. A remnant of the neo-colonial nature of such forums, they represent a place where decisions with global impact are made. 

The G7 produced two notable outputs that concern global health governance: the first being the Carbis Bay Health Declaration which commits to taking efforts to prevent a pandemic similar to COVID-19 occurring again in the future; and the second being a commitment to provide more than a billion vaccine doses for low and low-middle income countries over the next year. 

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Russia to the world: Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua are our Latin American allies

MercoPress. | June 25, 2021

Putin when he visited Managua and met with Daniel Ortega
Putin when he visited Managua and met with Daniel Ortega

Russia reiterated this week its support for Latin American allies, mainly Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua given the standing “external threats,” stated Moscow’s defence minister General Sergey Shoigu who underlined the historic links with the three countries.

Although it was not specified if the statement was in reply to a request from its allies, at an international security conference in Moscow, General Shoigu referred to these “threats” which include the possibility of the use of military force.

“There are also different forms of exercising pressure and intimidation, which our allies are currently experiencing, meaning the support from Moscow is more needed than ever”.

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