October Revolution in Russia: A Timeline Begins

With the following timeline Journal of People begins a series of timelines, reports, articles and other presentations on the occasion of the hundred years of the Great Proletarian Revolution in Russia in 1917.

 

January 1
Russian troops defend Riga against a German offensive on the Northern front.
On the Romanian front, known as the Central Front, troops retreat after a defeat.
The Caucasian front, known as the Southern Front, is relatively quiet.
Morale in the army is extremely low. The vast majority of soldiers do not believe in the goals of annexing more territory for Russia.
In 1916, 1.5 million soldiers deserted the czarist Russian army.

Many soldiers’ families are starving and are being kicked off their land by kulaks. Russia’s 50% of the farmers are sent to the war.
Ethnic minorities in Russia continue to suffer severe repression. The Tsar orders the wide-scale firing of all Jews in government while crippled Jewish soldiers are sent to Siberia.

January 9
Membership in the Bolsheviks’ party, known as the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, is increasing steadily, which numbers 24,000 people.
The Bolsheviks help organize demonstrations in remembrance of the Bloody Sunday.
All the main Bolshevik leaders are in prison or exile. This leads to making of majority of party decisions from the bottom up.
30,000 Moscow workers strike in demonstration while 145,000 workers strike in Petrograd.
Baku, Nizhni Novgorod, Novocherkassk, Voronezh, Kharkov, Rostov-on-Don, the Donbass area, and other cities also observe one day strike.

January 26
Members of the Workers’ Group, a part of the War Industries Committee, are arrested by the secret police after appealing for a new Provisional Government.

January 31
People in Petrograd are in starvation. Stock of flour in the city will last 10 days. Meat supplies are completely depleted. Massive queues for food form, despite excruciatingly cold temperatures. Crowds of women sporadically break into stores.

Note: In 1917, Russia used the Julian Calendar, which was 13 days behind the calendar in the rest of the world.

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